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www.dongcha8.com 2018-07-09 08:51 上海翻譯公司
 中國特色社會主義進入新時代

Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era

改革開放之初,中國共產黨發出了走自己的路、建設中國特色社會主義的偉大號召。從那時以來,中國共產黨團結帶領全國各族人民不懈奮斗,推動中國經濟實力、科技實力、國防實力、 綜合國力進入世界前列,推動中國國際地位實現前所未有的提升,中國共產黨的面貌、中國的面貌、中國人民的面貌、中國軍隊的面貌、中華民族的面貌發生了前所未有的變化,中華民族正以嶄新姿態屹立于世界的東方。

In the early days of reform and opening up, the Party called for blazing our own trail in our push to build a socialist country with Chinese characteristics. Unremitting efforts by the Chinese people under the leadership of the Party have since then propelled China to preeminence -never seen before - on the world stage. Not only has China become one of the biggest economies in the world, it is now also a leader in science and technology and defense capabilities. Its composite national strength, in particular, is reassuring. Changes have been unprecedented. They are evident in all aspects of our society - our Party, our government, our people, and our armed forces. A new Chinese nation now stands tall in the East.

經過長期努力,中國特色社會主義進入了新時代,這是中國發展新的歷史方位。

Decades of hard work have paid off. The process of building a socialist country with Chinese characteristics has entered a new phase. We are now at a new historic juncture.

作出這個重大政治判斷,是一項關系全局的戰略考量。中國特色社會主義進入新時代,意味著近代以來久經磨難的中華民族迎來了從站起來、富起來到強起來的偉大飛躍,迎來了實現中華民族偉大復興的光明前景;意味著科學社會主義在二十一世紀的中國煥發出強大生機活力,在世界上雨高舉起了中國特色社會主義偉大旗 幟;意味著中國特色社會主義道路、理論、制度、文化不斷發展,拓展了發展中國家走向現代化的途徑,給世界上那些既希望加快發展又希望保持自身獨立性的國家和民族提供了全新選擇,為解決人類問題貢獻了中國智慧和中國方案。

This strategic assessment has wide-ranging implications. A new era calls for new strategic thinking. Gone are the long nightmares that haunted us in modem history. The Chinese nation has pulled off a great leap from standing up and moving towards prosperity to standing strong. It is time for great national renewal. What we have achieved proves that scientific socialism is alive and well in 21st century China, and the banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics is flying high. While constantly evolving in response to new challenges, the path of development we take, the theory that guides us forward, the political system we embrace, and the culture we nurture provide anchors in our journey to modernization, and have lit a beacon of hope for other nations yearning for accelerated development but keen to protect their independence. They reflect Chinese wisdom, and represent key elements of a Chinese approach to addressing the problems facing mankind.

 

這個新時代,是承前啟后、繼往開來、在新的歷史條件下繼續奪取中國特色社會主義偉大勝利的時代,是決勝全面建成小康社會、進而全面建設社會主義現代化強國的時代,是全國各族人民團結奮斗、不斷創造美好生活、逐步實現全體人民共同富裕的時代,是全體中華兒女戮力同心、奮力實現中華民族偉大復興中國夢的時代,是我國日益走近世界舞臺中央、不斷為人類作出更大貢獻的時代。

The advent of this new era provides us an opportunity to build on past successes, and further unlock the potential of socialism with Chinese characteristics in a new context. It is time to complete the process of building a moderately prosperous society, and move on to the next phase of building a great modern socialist country. It is time for all of us - people of all ethnic groups - to work together to create a better future and bring prosperity to everyone, and make the Chinese Dream of national renewal come true. It is time for China to move closer to center stage in the international arena and make greater contributions to mankind.

 

中國特色社會主義進入新時代,在中華人民共和國發展史上、中華民族發展史上具有重大意義,在世界社會主義發展史上、人類社會發展史上也具有重大意義。

From the perspective of history, this new era is of paramount importance to China and its people, and to the development of socialism in an international context and the development of human society.

 

新時代要有新氣象,更要有新作為。必須按照新時代的要求,完善發展戰略和各項政策,推進和落實各項工作。

With the arrival of the new era there are new expectations. It is essential to adjust our development strategy and policies in response to new realities.

 

習近平新時代中國特色社會主義思想
Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era

 

中共十八大以來,國內外形勢變化和我國各項事業發展都給中國共產黨提出了一個重大時代課題,這就是必須從理論和實踐結合上系統回答新時代堅持和發展什么樣的中國特色社會主義、怎樣堅持和發展中國特色社會主義。

Since our 18th National Congress, changes have taken place both in and outside China, and great progress has been made in all areas of China’s endeavors. This new dynamic presents us with a profound new question: what kind of socialism with Chinese characteristics should we pursue for the new era in theory and in practice, and how we should pursue it.

圍繞這個重大時代課題,中國共產黨堅持以馬克思列寧主義、毛澤東思想、鄧小平理論、“三個代表”重要思想、科學發展觀為指導,堅持解放思想、實事求是、與時俱進、求真務實,堅持辯證唯物主義和歷史唯物主義,緊密結合新的時代條件和實踐要求,以全新的視野深化對共產黨執政規律、社會主義建設規律、人類社會發展規律的認識,進行了艱辛理論探索,取得重大理論創新成果,形成了習近平新時代中國特色社會主義思想。

 

Our answer to this question is guided by principles of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of “Three Represents”,and the Scientific Outlook on Development. It requires out-of-box thinking and a pragmatic approach that is in synch with the march of the times and responds to evolving realities. Committed to the principles of dialectical and historical materialism, we are seeking out new perspectives through a careful analysis of what is required for a new era to better understand key issues that bear upon the governance by the Party, the development of socialism, and the evolution of human society. Theoretical study in this connection has been ongoing, and innovative ideas have been proposed, giving shape to the Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.

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習近平新時代中國特色社會主義思想,明確堅持和發展中國特色社會主義,總任務是實現社會主義現代化和中華民族偉大復興,在全面建成小康社會的基礎上分兩步走,在本世紀中葉建成富強民主文明和諧美麗的社會主義現代化強國;

This thought makes clear that the overarching goal of pursuing socialism with Chinese characteristics is to realize socialist modernization and bring about national renewal, and that after the completion of the process of building of a moderately prosperous society, a two-step approach should be taken to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful by the middle of the century.

 

明確新時代我國社會主要矛盾是人民日益增長的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的發展之間的矛盾,必須堅持以人民為中心的發展思想,不斷促進人的全面發展、全體人民共同富裕;

It explains that the major challenge facing Chinese society in the new era is how to address unbalanced and inadequate development and satisfy the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life. We must therefore remain committed to our people-centered development philosophy, and spare no efforts to promote human development and achieve prosperity for everyone.

 

明確中國特色社會主義事業總體布局是“五位一體”、戰略布局是“四個全面”,強調堅定道路自信、理論自信、制度自信、文化自信;

It articulates our overall approach to promoting economic, political, cultural, and social development and environmental protection, and the four-pronged strategy of completing the building of a moderately prosperous society, pursuing an expanded in-depth reform agenda, improving the rule of law, and strengthening Party discipline. It highlights the importance of confidence in the path we take, theory that guides us forward, the political system we choose, and the culture we nurture.

 

明確全面深化改革總目標是完善和發展中國特色社會主義制度、推進國家治理體系和治理能力現代化;

The thought also makes clear that:The goal of our expanded in-depth reform agenda is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and modernize China’s national governance system and capacity;

 

明確全面推進依法治國總目標是建設中國特色社會主義法治體系、建設社會主義法治國家;

Our campaign to promote the rule of law is intended to strengthen the socialist rule of law with

Chinese characteristics and build a socialist country where the rule of law is respected;

 

明確黨在新時代的強軍目標是建設一支聽黨指揮、能打勝仗、作風優良的人民軍隊,把人民軍隊建設成為世界一流軍隊;

The Party,s national defense strategy for the new era focuses on building a well-disciplined, world-class military under the Party’s command able to fight and win major wars;

 

明確中國特色大國外交要推動構建新型國際關系,推動構建人類命運共同體;

Our foreign policy that reflects our standing on the world stage aims to foster a new model of international relations and build a community of a shared future for mankind;

 

明確中國特色社會主義最本質的特征是中國共產黨領導,中國特色社會主義制度的最大優勢是中國共產黨領導,黨是最高政治領導力量,提出新時代黨的建設總要求,突出政治建設在黨的建設中的重要地位。

The defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics, as well as the greatest strength of our system, is leadership by the CPC, the highest level of political power, underscoring the importance of political awareness in Party building activities.

 

習近平新時代中國特色社會主義思想,是對馬克思列寧主義、毛澤東思想、鄧小平理論、 “三個代表”重要思想、科學發展觀的繼承發展,是馬克思主義中國化最新成果,是黨和人民實踐經驗和集體智慧的結晶,是中國特色社會主義理論體系的重要組成部分,是全黨全國人民為實現中華民族偉大復興而奮斗的行動指南,必須長期堅持并不斷發展。

The thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era builds on and enriches Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory,the Theory of “Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development. It represents the latest example of adapting Marxism to a Chinese context and encapsulates the practical experience and collective wisdom of our Party and the people. It is an important component of the theories of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and a guide to action for all our members and the Chinese people in general as we strive to achieve national renewal. The development of this thought is an on-going process.

 

新時代中國社會主要矛盾
The Major Challenge to China in a New Era

 

中國特色社會主義進入新時代,社會主要矛盾已經轉化為人民日益增長的美好生活需要和不平衡不充分的發展之間的矛盾。中國穩定解決了十幾億人的溫飽問題,總體上實現小康,不久將全面建成小康社會,人民美好生活需要日益廣泛,不僅對物質文化生活提出了更高要求,而且在民主、法治、公平、正義、安全、環境等方面的要求日益增長。同時,中國社會生產力水平總體上顯著提高,社會生產能力在很多方面進入世界前列,更加突出的問題是發展不平衡不充分,這已經成為滿足人民日益增長的美好生活需要的主要制約因素。

In a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the major challenge facing Chinese society has now become how to tackle unbalanced and inadequate development and satisfy the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life. With the basic needs of over a billion people met, and the building of a moderately prosperous society near completion, people are aspiring to a still better life. Not only have their material and cultural needs grown; there are also increasing calls for strengthened democracy, rule of law, fairness and justice, security, and environmental protection. While China has seen its overall output growing fast, and it now leads the world in many areas, we have been dogged by unbalanced and inadequate development, a drawback that has constrained our overall efforts to improve the people’s wellbeing.

 

中國社會主要矛盾的變化是關系全局的歷史性變化,對黨和國家工作提出了許多新要求。特別是要在繼續推動發展的基礎上,著力解決好發展不平衡不充分問題,大力提升發展質量和效益,更好滿足人民在經濟、政治、文化、社會、生態等方面日益增長的需要,更好推動人的全面發展、社會全面進步。

The evolution of the major challenge facing Chinese society represents a historic shift with wide-ranging ramifications, and calls for adjustment of many policies by the Party and the government. In our continued pursuit of overall socioeconomic development, we must focus on addressing the existing imbalances and inadequacies as well as quality and efficiency concerns in our development efforts. It is crucial to meet the ever-growing economic, political, cultural, and social needs of our people, step up environmental protection, and promote human development and social progress.

 

中國社會主要矛盾的變化,沒有改變中國共產黨對中國社會主義所處歷史階段的判斷,中國 仍處于并將長期處于社會主義初級階段的基本國情沒有變,中國是世界最大發展中國家的國 際地位沒有變。中國共產黨要牢牢把握社會主義初級階段這個基本國情,牢牢立足社會主義初級階段這個最大實際,牢牢堅持黨的基本路線這個黨和國家的生命線、人民的幸福線,領導和團結全國各族人民,以經濟建設為中心,堅持四項基本原則,堅持改革開放,自力更生,艱苦創業,為把中國建設成為富強民主文明和諧美麗的社會主義現代化強國而奮斗。

The evolution of the major challenge does not change our assessment that China is still and will long remain in the primary stage of socialism, and that China is still the world’s largest developing country. We should always bear in mind this basic fact, and implement the Party 's overarching strategy - one that is like a lifeline to our Party and our nation - that advocates an unswerving focus on improving the people’s wellbeing. It is our responsibility to guide the people in a joint effort to pursue economic development as our central task. We remain committed to the Four Cardinal Principles of upholding socialism, the people’s democratic dictatorship, leadership by the CPC, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought. Our reform and opening up must continue. We will rely on ourselves and make trailblazing efforts to build China into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful.

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